Laminitis in horses is usually caused due to inflammation or swelling in the membrane that build up connection between hoof’s wall and the foot. Usually the front feet of horses are infected by laminitis and it can be very painful.
The treatment for infection is crucial because laminitis can cause serious breakage in the membranes, leading to the permanent bone damage in hoof and foot. Laminitis might occur due to overfeeding. Hence, controlling the horse’s food intake and taking care of foot health can lower the risk of occurrence of laminitis.
Here’s a guide that can help you to find laminitis symptoms and prevent its occurrence in horses.
How to Feed the Horses
- Make sure that horse’s food is unreachable for horse when feeding is not required. Horses are naturally fond of eating so they can eat in excess which can certainly cause laminitis. The best practice is to keep the food secured in the plastic bins with the lids covering the bins.
- There is usually the abundance of starch and sugar in green pasture grass. This high content of sugar and starch can cause laminitis. In the springs and during day times, this content of sugar and starch rises to the highest level. Therefore, the horses should be let go into the lush grass only for a couple of hours in the start of springs. Gradually increasing time in lush grass can help the horses to adjust their bodies according to the high content of sugar and starch, minimizing the risk of laminitis.Horses that have had recovered from laminitis in the past should not be left in the lush grass for long time as they face higher risk of getting caught by laminitis again.Sugar and starch content in grass usually gets lower during night time. Hence, letting horses go into grass fields during night time isn’t risky. This change of schedule can decrease the risk of laminitis.Horses should be given probiotics and prebiotics. These food balancers can help in improving the gut health, ultimately increasing the horse’s immunity against different diseases and infections including laminitis.
Do not let the horses go into the grass fields for a long time when level of frutans is high.
Taking Care of Horse’s Foot Health
- Since laminitis is an infection that affects feet, the horse’s hooves should be checked and cleaned on daily basis. Check if the hooves are developing soreness so that it could be treated right away.
- Call farrier after every 7 – 8 weeks to get the horse’s feet trimmed. Long grown feet are more prone to get infected by laminitis.
- Hoof supplement can help in maintaining horse’s foot health. Especially, the biotin supplements are well known for keeping the hooves’ health maintained.
- Without the horse shoes on, do not let the horse run through the rocky terrain. It is actually to prevent any hoof damage which might invite infections such as laminitis.
- If you like horse riding to travel on the roads, put the shoes on at least front hooves.